Uterine Prolapse Causes

Facts About Uterine Prolapse Causes

  • Uterine prolapse or prolapse of the genitals caused by a weakening of the pelvic muscles and joints
  • It occurs in approximately 50% of women over 40, but only about 6% have symptoms
  • Typical causes are births (big kids, twins), heavy physical labor, constipation, heredity, obesity and COPD disease
  • Typical symptoms include heaviness, urinary / bowel problems, ulcers, if the drop is outside the vaginal opening
The uterus is normally held in place in the basin using different muscles, tissues and ligaments. If these muscles and tissues become weakened, may develop one descent of the uterus. This can happen after childbirth or after a difficult birth. The tissue becomes weaker – also with age – and this process is enhanced after menopause, when levels of the hormone estrogen fall.

Degrees of subsidence

Weakened or relax muscles in the pelvis can cause the uterus to delve deeper into the vagina and can in severe cases come out through the vagina. It divides subsidence of the womb in three degrees:

  • Grade 1: The cervix sinking into the vagina
  • Grade 2: The cervix protrudes outside the vaginal opening
  • Grade 3: The entire uterus is outside the vagina

Other variants of uterine prolapse

Cystocele. An indentation of the upper part of the front wall of the sheath, wherein a portion of the urinary bladder bulges into the vagina. The condition can cause frequent urination, strong urge to urinate, difficulty in emptying the bladder or difficulty in retaining water.

Enterocele. Denting the upper rear part of the vaginal wall, where a small part of the intestine bulges into the vagina. In a standing position, it can feel as if nothing to move and pulls in the lower abdomen. There may be lower back pain, which decreases when you lie down.

Rektocele. Indentation of the lower back part of the vaginal wall, wherein the rectum (rectal) bulges into the vagina. This can give problems for emptying the bowel movement, such that in some cases, required to be printed from the inside of the sheath to get emptied intestine.

What causes uterine prolapse?

The following conditions can cause weakness of the tissues that support the uterus and cause the uterus sinks:

  • many births
  • Lengthy and complicated deliveries (using the suction cup, or loader bar)
  • Age-related weakening of the pelvic floor muscles
  • Estrogen deficiency after menopause
  • Conditions that increase the pressure in the abdominal cavity, for example. Chronic cough (eg. of COPD), constipation, and in rare cases, tumors, or fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Previous surgery in the pelvis can cause weakening of the suspension device
Scroll to top