Facts Acute Cervix Inflammation
- An infection of the cervix, which is the opening into the uterus
- Frequent symptoms are vaginal discharge, contact bleeding, soreness, pain during intercourse.
- In severe cases there may be fever and general malaise
- It is a frequent cause of medical contact
- It is a sexual transmitted disease most common among women under 25
- Caused by the bacteria chlamydia and gonorrhea rarer or virus Herpes and HPV
- Inflammation due. Bacteria treated with antibiotics, while the virus is prevented with HPV vaccine
What is acute cervical inflammation?
The cervix (cervix uteri) is opening into the uterine cavity. It is located deep in the vagina (see drawing). Cervical Inflammation is an infection caused by bacteria or viruses. The most common causes are chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes virus, and human papilloma virus (HPV).
It is a sexually transmitted infection. Many sexual partners, age under 25 years and lack of condom use increases the risk of getting cervical inflammation.
The condition is quite common and is most common among sexually active women under 25 years. The dominant reason is chlamydia infection.
How common is acute cervical inflammation?
The exact incidence is unknown, but it is a very frequent cause of medical contact. It found nearly 30,000 cases of chlamydia each year in South Africa.
What causes acute cervical inflammation?
Sexual transmission of chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes virus, human papilloma virus (HPV) or genital mycoplasma.
What are the symptoms of acute cervical inflammation?
Although the condition often has no symptoms, it can cause discomfort in the form of abundant and persistent vaginal discharge.
Udflådet are often slimy and may at times contain udflådet pus. Udflådet can also be bloody and occur particularly after intercourse (contact bleeding).
There may also be pain during intercourse. In many cases, co-infection of the urethra, urethritis. It can cause a burning sensation when urinating.
Infection with the herpes virus and HPV usually gives few or no symptoms.
What symptoms should you pay particular attention to?
Contact Bleeding leading to physician contact. Similarly, vaginal discharge, pain and fever – especially if you just got a new partner.
How is it diagnosed?
The case history can give suspected diagnosis. By gynecological examination finds the doctor that uterine mouth is red and inflamed.
The doctor examines whether there is a sign of inflammation outside of the uterus, for example, acute inflammation of the fallopian tube.
Pelvic inflammatory disease allows aches in the body of the uterus (rocking tenderness) and / or into the tissue adjacent to the uterus. Bacteria Test and / or virus sample (culture) taken from the uterine opening, submitted to the laboratory and results are available almost a week later.
Testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea can also be done by a urine sample.
What treatment is there?
The goal of treatment is to prevent the spread of infection and complications – especially in order to preserve fertility. Genes in acute treatment is started before the culture response. For more diffuse or chronic discomfort awaited answers to tests.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics.
Herpesviruses are sometimes treated with anti-viral agent. HPV vaccine preventable before sexual debut in the vaccination program.
How is long-term prospects?
The prognosis for uncomplicated cervical inflammation is good. If the infection spreads and complicated with pelvic inflammatory disease, the prognosis will depend on the severity of the infection and the degree of damage to the fallopian tube. In severe pelvic infection developed in 15% sterility after the first infection, 30% after two infections and 60% after three infections.
How do I avoid or worsen acute cervical inflammation?
Use condoms, limiting the number of partners, a doctor at the symptoms and follow the vaccination program.