Gynaecological Examinations

Facts About Gynaecological Examinations

  • Gynecology is the study of diseases of the female genitalia.
  • It is a medical specialty, which includes signs of disease and diseases of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and area surrounding the vaginal opening
  • Clearing possible disease of the female genital organs consist of a medical history, a gynecological examination and an ultrasound scan of the abdomen if necessary. Additional studies

What gynaecology?

Gynecology is the study of diseases of the female genitalia. It is a medical specialty, which includes signs of disease and diseases of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and the area surrounding the vaginal opening.

Diseases can be inflammations, tumors, bleeding disorders, urinary leakage and infertility.

Obstetrics, the doctrine of pregnancy and childbirth, is a closely related specialty. Conditions such as abortion and abortion are often part of the gynecological specialty.

South African Gynecologists are specialists in both gynecology and obstetrics, but subspecialiserer subsequently in either obstetrics, gynecology, fertility and fetal medicine.

Gynecologists have expertise in diseases of the female genitalia. Although some gynecologists working in private practice, most employed at the hospital. A large part of the examination and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system therefore takes place at the hospital outpatient clinics or during hospitalization.

What a gynecological examination

Clearing possible disease of the female genital organs consist of a medical history, a gynecological examination and an ultrasound scan of the abdomen. There may be supplemented by an examination of other parts of the body, laboratory tests or other diagnostic imaging.

Medical history

The gynecologist will clarify the case history by interviewing you. Contents of the course depends on your symptoms and your genes. The overall objective is that the doctor get a clear sense of symptom nature, how they have evolved over time and the patient’s own thoughts about the symptoms.

Frequent symptoms are pain, bleeding disorders, something that presses or can feel, infertility, problems of contraception, vaginal discharge, excessive hair growth, urine leakage, generation of menopause or bleeding after menopause.

What will the doctor ask?

The doctor will during the conversation ask you when genes are beginning what they consist of, how they have evolved and what’s possible. Aggravate or alleviate genes. The doctor will also ask if your periods are regular, what diseases you have had, whether you have tried medicine and if, how it has worked. Likewise, how you function at work, in everyday life, sexually and possible. Other more detailed questions related to your genes.

Think about these questions carefully before you meet the doctor. If your problems are related to menstruation, so bring your calendar with the dates of your last bleeding. By preparing for it may be easier to answer the doctor’s questions, and you can give more accurate information. This in turn will help the doctor easier will determine the correct diagnosis and treatment.

Gynecological examination

The physician first inspects the external genitalia to look for signs of disease. Thereafter, the so-called spike into the vagina. Spekelet allows the doctor to see the lining of the vagina and assess udfl├ądet. It is especially important for the doctor to get a good view of the cervix, as it is here taken Pap smears and possibly. Bacterial samples.

After the samples are taken, removed spekelet and the doctor feels the abdomen. It is done by the physician two fingers into the vagina, while the other hand fell on the stomach. The doctor feels the uterus and assesses whether it has a normal shape, location, size and movement. The doctor feels the ovaries and uterus tissues around – there is tenderness, fills or tumors? Sometimes making the gynecologist, a general of the body. In some cases also felt by the intestine.

When performing gynecological examination, it is important to try to relax as much as possible and avoid cramping or pinching. If you pinch together, the doctor hard to judge The conditions properly. The doctor will ask you during the exam if you have soreness when that feeling after. You should tell your doctor if something hurts or feels uncomfortable.

laboratory tests

Blood tests may be helpful in the investigation of disease of the female reproductive organs. Examination of urine also belongs. As mentioned, the cell samples and bacterial samples from eg cervix of great importance. It can also take tissue samples from the uterine cavity.

ultrasound

An accurate diagnosis of the disease in the internal female sex organs will often require imaging. Ultrasound is usually the first and most important study. Ultrasound examination can be made without the stomach. But give much better images of the internal genitalia by performing scanning through the vagina as ultrasound head here comes quite close to the uterus and ovaries.

In a few cases required more advanced technology like CT scan and MRI.

Other tests may also be present, depending on what you might fail.

What can a gynecological examination show?

It is used to detect diseases and conditions in the abdomen.

How dangerous is a gynecological examination?

A gynecological examination is not dangerous.

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