First Aid Dislocations of Joints

Facts About Joint Dislocations

  • Predominantly (dislocation of joints) occurs injuries and often in sports
  • The joint ends of the joint are brought apart, and the joints can often be seen with clear error
  • This applies to the shoulder, elbow, finger, knee, toe or foot joint. Joint joints in the hip joint often require x-ray examination
  • The treatment is urgent and at the hospital you will put the joint in place. Often anaesthesia is needed


  • A dislocation is a joint injury where the bone ends are forced out of the normal position
  • The cause is usually an injury like a stroke or a fall

How do dislocations occur?

  • Dislocations are common injury in contact sports such as football, handball, ice hockey
  • These injuries may also occur in sports that may include falls such as alpine skiing, ski jumping and volleyball
  • Dislocation may occur in the major joint shoulder, hip, knee, elbow, ankle – or in smaller joints like fingers, thighs or toes

What are the symptoms?

  • The damage will temporarily change the shape of the joint, make it impossible to move it and cause sudden and severe pain

How is a dislocation treated?

  • A dislocation requires immediate treatment by a doctor to get the bone ends back in the normal position

What do you do if you think the joint is out of control?

  • Seek medical advice as soon as possible
  • Until help, bandages or stiffen joints in the position it is in
  • Do not try to move a dislocated joint or force it back into place. It can destroy the joint and surrounding muscles, ligaments, nerves or blood vessels
  • Put ice in a plastic bag and put a towel around before placing the ice bag on the damaged joint. It can reduce swelling, by reducing internal bleeding and accumulation of fluid in and around the damaged joint

What can I do

  • Support the joint and keep it at rest. Do not put the joint in place
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