First Aid For Asthma

Facts About Asthma

  • Asthma attacks are due to sudden narrowing of the respiratory tract and manifests itself in severe respiratory distress, accompanied by wheezing and often cough and anxiety
  • If the person has a seizure of asthma medicine, help him / her take 2-3 breath / suction from the inhaler
  • If it does not help after approx. 10 minutes, repeat the inhalation
  • If there is no improvement after approx. 20 minutes, you must call an ambulance


  • An asthma attack is due to the airway narrowing and it causes wheezing and wheezing and respiratory distress
  • The attack can be triggered by an external influence, for example. dust, pollen, animal hair or cold, but can also come without any explanation
  • Most asthma patients use an inhalation device that may expand the airways if they are narrowed

Typical symptoms and signs

  • Respiratory distress often with wheezing and wheezing
  • Cough
  • Anxiety and turmoil
  • Blowering of lips and face
  • Fatigue
  • Problems of speech because of shortness of breath

First aid

  • Reassure
    • Stay calm and calm the person
    • Help him / her find the inhaler if he / she has one, and make sure that the medicine is inhaled
    • Make him / her breathe slowly and deeply
  • Make the situation as comfortable as possible
    • Get the sick to relax in the most comfortable position. Most often, the person will sit easily forward
    • If the seizure is not returned within 5-10 minutes, the person should take a new dose of the inhaler
  • Call an ambulance
    • If the attack is so severe that the person has difficulty speaking
    • If there is no improvement within 10-20 minutes after using the inhaler
    • If the person starts to get tired and exhausted
    • If this is the first serious asthma attack that the person experiences
  • Follow up
    • Help the person to use the inhaler approx. every 10 minutes while waiting for the ambulance
  • By unconsciousness
    • If the patient loses consciousness, ensure free airways and check the breathing
    • If the patient breathes himself, put him / her in sideways
    • If necessary, prepare for resuscitation ( child / adult )
    • Regularly record vital vital features such as awareness, pulse and breathing until the help comes
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