First Aid For Ankle Injuries

Facts About Ankle Injuries

  • Ankle lesions are caused by distortions across the ankle joint, where the ledcapion with ligaments is stretched
  • Ankle injuries are a frequent sports injury
  • The symptoms are pain, swelling in the area and the trouble once
  • It may be important to assess whether ankle is broken. If necessary, the ankle joint should be x-ray photographed
  • If the ankle is twisted, cool it down, hold it high, and wear a brace for the ankle


  • An ankle sprain is due to the fact that ligaments that bend into the joints are overlaid or overloaded
  • Such damage is usually very painful. Symptoms can easily be interpreted as indicating a fracture of the ankle
  • An ankle sprain occurs when tearing in muscles and tendons by suddenly wrong movement or severe contraction. Both of these injury mechanisms occur quite frequently in sports

Typical symptoms and signs

  • Swelling
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Inability to move the ankle or to stand on the injured leg
  • Increased blood exudation

What can I do

  • Consider whether further investigation is needed and possibly. if there is a need for X-ray examination to ensure there is no fracture.

Contact your doctor

  • A slight sprain requires only a brace. There will only be limited swelling that develops gradually. One will be able to stand and walk on the foot.
Contact a doctor immediately
  • If you suspect bone fracture, you should contact emergency room / emergency room
  • The symptoms of fractures are malformation of the joints, bones, severe swelling with bluish discoloration, pronounced pain or failure on the foot.

First Aid For Ankle Injuries

  • Cooling of the ankle
    • Get the injured person to lie down. Lift the leg so that the ankle is held above the body level
    • Support the ankle in a comfortable position, for example. on a knee
    • If the damage has just occurred, cool the ankle by placing a cold compress / ice bag for 10 minutes. Then check the damage again
    • Apply cold compresses at 10-minute intervals for up to 30 minutes if necessary
  • Bandage around the ankle
    • If possible, place a cotton compression against the ankle and squeeze moderately. If you do not have access to a compression, it is nice to put a strap on directly
    • Secure the compressor with a circular support tie, which is tightened appropriately. The toes must not be hidden in the dressing. The toes must be free so you can observe color and feel
    • Check the circulation of the toes every 10 minutes
  • Pupil (raise) the leg
    • The injured leg is kept high to reduce blood flow, resulting in less blood withdrawal
  • If the injury is considered to be limited, the injured person should take it easy and rest the leg
    • Seek medical attention if necessary
  • In case of suspected serious injury
    • Send the person concerned to hospital
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