First Aid in Traffic Accidents

Facts About Traffic Accidents

  • Create an overview of the situation
  • Stop the accident, prioritise your own safety first.
  • Secure the scene for injured persons
  • Call help – describe how many, what and where
  • Provide life-saving first aid where needed

Take the lead until qualified help comes

  • Get an overview of the situation
  • Call help
  • Make sure to secure the damage site
    • Set warning triangle. Turn the disaster light on to the car
    • Make sure your own safety
    • Make sure no more is injured
    • Bring the injured to safety if there is a risk of fire / explosion (still taking into account your own safety)
    • Keep curious people from the site, but let competent help
  • Organize and benefit the work
  • Give life-saving first aid
    • Keep Free Airways – Provide Heartbeat Cord ( Child / Adult )
    • Stands bleeding
    • In case of a breach of the neck / back, the person’s body should not be rotated. In that case, let the person lie if he is awake and has normal breathing

Call emergency number: fire, police, ambulance


  • Name, phone number from which calls are made


  • What has happened, the number of injured, serious injuries, trapped persons, drowning, chemicals?


  • Accurate location indication – By motorways, you will know about the direction of travel and the nearest exit
  • Verify that the message is understood

Examination of the unconscious

  • Examine breathing
  • Lift your jaw forward and bend your head backwards
  • Put the cheek over the person’s mouth and nose and look, listen and feel after breathing
  • Also look for movements of the chest
  • If the person is unconscious without breathing, start heart lining without delaying it by trying to feel after pulse. ( Child / Adult )

First aid to unconscious

Unconscious who breathes himself

  • Put in stable sideways , secure free airways
  • Regularly inspect breathing and consciousness

Unconscious without breathing

  • Bend your head backwards and the garden forward
  • If there is still no breathing, start heart lining ( child / adult )
  • Start with heart compression approx. 100 times a minute
    • Push the chest 5 cm down per. compression
    • Press 30 times and then give
  • 2 blisters mouth-to-mouth, then new 30 compressions, etc. (30: 2)

Resuscitation of children

  • Cover your mouth and nose with your own mouth
  • Blow gently
  • Compress the chest with one hand
    • Use two fingers on infants
  • Make an inflow after every 30 compression (however, if 2 child-minded rescuers are 15: 2)

Libra person with major injuries

  • In case of suspected internal bleeding and severe blood loss
    • Lay the person flat with his legs raised
    • Do not give drink or food
  • External bleeding
    • Keep the bleeding arm or leg high
    • Press directly against the bleeding site, for example. with a cloth
    • Apply pressure directly to the bleeding site
    • In case of severe bleeding – raise your legs

NOTE: Everyone has a responsibility to help. Remain calm and try think logically as to what are the best steps to ensure everyone is kept as safe as possible.

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