First Aid For Croup

Facts About Croup

  • Virus infection in the upper respiratory tract, especially the throat with the stems
  • Hesitant breathing, especially during the breathing phase, and coughing like a seaweed
  • The treatment is inhalation of cold (outdoor) or humid air, possibly. medical treatment with, for example, steroid and / or adrenaline via a nebuliser on a mask


  • An attack of false laryngitis (pseudocroup, laryngitis) is due to the inflammation of a minor child’s airways in the larynx and trachea region, most commonly caused by a viral infection, raising and creating breathing problems
  • The sound that a child with throat noise makes may seem alarming, but the symptoms will mostly go fast and without the child hurting.
  • The sound reminiscent of a seal bark
  • The seizures usually come late in the evening, early at night, typically after the child has fallen asleep

Typical symptoms and signs

  • breathing problems
  • Short coughing coughing (hay fever-like), hoarseness
  • Hesitant breathing, especially when the child breathes
  • The genius decreases when the child is sitting up
  • No or only a little fever
  • Blue-gray skin (cyanosis) in severe cases

First Aid

  • Soothe the child and set it up
    • Put the child on the lap, make it feel safe, soothe it
  • Humidify the air
    • To ease breathing you can increase the moisture content in the air, for example. by filling warm water in the bath or by boiling water in the kitchen
    • Invite the child to inhale the moist air
    • Fresh cool air will also improve breathing (go downstairs with the child)
    • When breathing is easier, the child can be put back in bed, but with head raised
    • If possible, it may be useful to make the air in the bedroom moist, for example. with a humidifier
  • If the throat attack is serious, keep on and you are worried
    • Call the doctor or 112


  • Acute bacterial infection in the oesophagus (epiglottis). It’s the small lid that closes the trachea when we swallow.
  • Epiglottitis is life threatening because a raised throat can block the airway
  • The condition is very rare today, especially after children are routinely vaccinated against Haemophilus influenza type b

Symptoms and signs

  • Fever over 40 degrees C
  • breathing problems
  • Weakness of breath, both in and out of breath
  • Sparse cough
  • Synthetic problems with saliva
  • The child seems very sick, but is upset in bed to get air

First aid Warning

  • Do not try to ease the breathing by putting your fingers down the throat of the child. It can trigger cramps in the muscles of the throat and lead to rapid blockage of the airway
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