First Aid For Allergic Reactions

Facts About Allergic Reactions

  • A severe allergic reaction can lead to shock (anaphylactic shock) and unconsciousness
  • Serious allergic reactions are most commonly accompanied by respiratory distress or red rash
  • Give medication that the patient himself has against his allergy (for example, the epiphene for injection)
  • Call the hospital
  • Give first aid and perform resuscitation if needed


  • Allergy is due to the fact that the body responds to substances such as food, chemicals, drugs or pollen, which are harmless to most people
  • Symptoms of allergy vary, depending on the substance that triggers it. The most common symptoms are rapid respiratory distress (asthma), skin rash (hives), abdominal pain or vomiting and diarrhea. Typically these symptoms usually disappear after quite a short time (hours)
  • Some people react with life-threatening reactions ( anaphylactic shock )

Typical symptoms and signs

  • Itchy red rash or blisters on the skin
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abdominal pains
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • May lead to unconsciousness and lack of breathing

First aid

  • Check the symptoms
    • Find out how serious the symptoms are
    • Ask if he / she has known allergies
  • Treat mild symptoms
    • Help him / her take any medicine that he / she has against allergy
    • Anti-allergy drugs in the form of antihistamines should be taken if available
  • In severe allergic reaction
    • Ask if he or she has anti-allergic medicine (adrenaline). If necessary, help them to give the medicine
    • Call 112
    • If unconsciousness is laid in stable sideways
    • Raise feet if possible by shock
    • Start resuscitation in case of lack of breathing and unconsciousness
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