First Aid CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Facts About CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

  • If breathing and / or heart stops, the organs do not get oxygen and we become unconscious
  • Resuscitation consists of free airways so that oxygen can get into the lungs, artificial respiration, so that oxygen gets into the lungs and heart massage so the heart pumps oxygen with blood around the body
  • Free airways are created with jaw lifting, mouth-to-mouth breathing and cardiac massage by pushing the sternum down so that the blood is pumped around by these movements

Lack of oxygen

Drawing showing heart massage
Picture showing heart massage

In an unconscious, injured person, breathing and circulation may be inhibited. This causes the body’s cells to lack oxygen. The possibility of survival is then reduced in a few minutes.

Upon resuscitation you can add the damaged oxygen and replace the heart pump function until the ambulance staff arrives at the scene of injury.

Resuscitation is also called heart-lung guidance. It consists of free airways, artificial respiration (mouth-to-mouth) and cardiac massage.

Clear airways

Loss of muscle control in a damaged, unconscious person causes the tongue to fall backward and block the airways. When that happens, the breathing becomes difficult and snoring, or completely impossible. By tipping the head backwards and lifting the garden forward, the tongue can be moved away from the trachea opening. This allows the injured to breathe.

Artificial respiration

The air we breathe still contains oxygen but less than in the breathing air. By performing mouth-to-mouth help, you can breathe air and thus oxygen into the respiratory tract of the injured person.

The air reaches the airways of the lungs (alveoli), and oxygen is transmitted via the small blood vessels into the lungs to the blood. The oxygenated blood can then be transported to the body’s cells via the heart and the circuit.

Maintain the circuit with cardiac massage

If the heart stops stopping, the blood will not be able to circulate in the body. Oily will not reach vital organs like the brain. Heart massage with chest compressions acts as a mechanical pump, which ensures that some blood will flow around the body.

Pressing vertically down on the center of the sternum presses the chest and the heart together, pushing blood into the body. When the pressure lessens, the chest will rise. This allows new blood to flow into the thoracic cavity and the heart. In this way, repeated chest compressions will ensure that a certain amount of oxygen is transported to the tissue. This may in some cases be enough to save the life of the unconscious person.

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