Glossary of Pelvic Cancer in Women

Curettage, curettage of the lining of the uterus. Implies that there will be removed superficial tissues.

Atypical cells: Abnormal cells, cells with a different look than usual. May be harmless, but can also result from cell changes.

Biopsy: Tissue sample, a piece of tissue is removed and sent for microscopic examination. Used for diagnostics.

Carcinoma in situ (CIS): Localized cell changes that do not grow into the deeper layer and is not carcinogenic but a precursor.

Cell Change: Cells that are different, but have not developed into cancer cells.

Cervical abrasion: scraping from the cervix.

Columnar: epithelium with cylindrical cells. Seems the cervix.

Cyst: Medical term for liquid-filled process can be either benign (benign) or malignant (malignant)

Cytotoxic agents (cytotoxic / chemotherapy): Generic term to various chemical drugs that can be used individually or in combination.

Dysplasia: Cell Change.

Epithelium: Tissues, for example. The mucous membranes lining the outer and inner body surfaces.

Freezing (cryosurgery): Surgical Technique, wherein the tissue is strongly cooled.

Gynecology: The doctrine of women’s diseases.

Human papilloma virus (HPV): Large family of viruses. Some sexually transmitted and can cause cervical cancer and genital warts. Others may provide hand and foot warts. Many are completely harmless to humans.

Hysterectomy: The uterus is removed by surgery (OM = uterus in Greek).

Immune system: The body’s own defense system.

Intracavitary radiation therapy: The treatment in which the emitters are placed in natural body cavities. Used in some cases of cervical cancer.

Intravenously: Washing given through a vein (blood vessel).

Chemotherapy: Treatment with chemical substances (cytotoxic) to attack the cancer cells.

Colposcopy: Examination of the lining of the vagina and cervix using binoculars (Gulf = vagina in Greek).

Conization / taper: Conic. A surgical procedure in which a cone-shaped piece of tissue is removed from the cervix.

Lymph: The liquid that circulates in the lymphatic system. Lymph penetrate the tissues of the body, supplying the cells nutritional and leading away waste products.

Lymph nodes: Accumulation of nodes (for example in the groin, the armpit and abdominal cavities), which filters the lymph.

Lymfeårer: A network of veins that go to all parts of the body, just like blood circulation.

Metastases: “Daughter bombast”. Arise when cancer cells spread to a neighboring organ or directed with blood or lymph to another location in the body and begin to grow there.

Omental: The intestinal fat apron deleted from stomach and colon covers many organs in the abdominal cavity.

Omentectomy: Removal of the “fedtforklædet” in the abdominal cavity in connection with a surgical operation.

Menopause: Menopause. The period in a woman’s life when the production of sex hormones decreases and menstruation ceases.

Squamous epithelium, epithelium with plate-shaped cells.

Portibiopsi: Tissue sample from the part of the uterus, which goes down in the vagina (cervix).

Progesterone: One of the female sex hormones.

X: Unit of measurement for amount of X-rays or gamma rays. X-ray provides information on the body’s shape, size and density of lighter and darker shadows.

Salpingo-oophorectomy: Fallopian tube (fallopian tube) and ovarian (oofor) is removed by surgical intervention.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy. Radiotherapy. Energy transfer via electromagnetic waves, or via particles (also known as ionizing radiation).

Tumor: Medical identifying the tumor, can be either benign (benign) or malignant (malignant).

Ultrasound: Sound waves with high frequencies, which can be converted into an image on a screen. A medical examination method.

Estrogen, the female sex hormone.

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